Tajik civil war

Tajik civil war
   In the wake of Tajikistan’s independence from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), political rivalry between the dominant clans from the Leninabad (Khujand) and Kulob region and marginalized ethnic and social groups from the Garm and Gorno-Badakhshan regions turned violent. The former comprised groups loyal to the Soviet-era nomenklatura>, while the latter drew support from Islamists and liberal democrats who formed a coalition called the United Tajik Opposition (UTO). Beginning in 1992, Boris Yeltsin’s government and Uzbekistan provided support to the country’s new president, Emomali Rahmon (also Imamali Rakhmanov), hoping to prevent the spread of influence of Afghan groups with ties to the rebels. The war peaked during 1993, with large-scale offensives and numerous instances of ethnic cleansing. Initially positioned as a neutral force with the goal of peacekeeping, Russian military personnel, specifically the 201st Motorized Rifle division, were occasionally drawn into direct combat with opposition forces and Afghan volunteers. Yeltsin defended his actions by suggesting that the Tajikistan-Afghanistan border was effectively a Russian “frontier” and would be treated as such. This established a precedent that remains in effect, despite the cessation of hostilities.
   On 27 June 1997, President Rahmonov, the UTO leadership, and United Nations Special Envoy Gerd Merrem signed the “General Agreement on the Establishment of Peace and National Accord in Tajikistan” in Moscow, thus ending the war. More than 100,000 Tajiks perished in the conflict, as well as an unknown number of Afghans and dozens of Russian soldiers. More than a million people were displaced by the fighting.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Civil war in Tajikistan — Riots in Dushanbe Date 1992–1997 …   Wikipedia

  • Civil war in Afghanistan (1996–2001) — War in Afghanistan 1996 2001 Part of War in Afghanistan Situation in Afghanistan late 1996 …   Wikipedia

  • Civil war in Afghanistan — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Civil war in Afghanistan caption=Sharbat Gula, photographed by Steve McCurry, on the famous cover of the June 1985 Edition of National Geographic Magazine. As her fate was unknown, her picture symbolised the… …   Wikipedia

  • Afghan civil war — Date 27 April 1978 present Location Afghanistan Result Ongoing. Military coup Democratic Republic of Afghanistan (1978) popular uprising Soviet invasion (1979) mujahideen resistance Soviet withdraw …   Wikipedia

  • Reforms of Amanullah Khan and civil war — Amanullah Khan reigned in Afghanistan from 1919, achieving full independence from the British Empire shortly afterwards.Before final peace negotiations were concluded in 1921, Afghanistan had already begun to establish its own foreign policy,… …   Wikipedia

  • War in Afghanistan (2001–present) — War in Afghanistan Part of the Afghan civil war and the War on Terror …   Wikipedia

  • United Tajik Opposition — The United Tajik Opposition (UTO) was an alliance of democratic, liberal and Islamist forces that fought in the Tajik Civil War from 1992 to 1997 against the Moscow backed administration of President Emomali Rahmonov.While most members of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet war in Afghanistan — Warbox conflict= Soviet war in Afghanistan partof=the Cold War, Civil war in Afghanistan campaign= caption=Armed Mujahids return to a destroyed village, March 25, 1986. date= December 27 1979 ndash; February 15 1989 place= Afghanistan result=… …   Wikipedia

  • International reactions to the 2006 Lebanon War — Reactions by the UN and national representativesflag|United NationsThe top UN official in Lebanon said Hezbollah’s action escalates the already tense situation along the Blue Line and is an act of very dangerous proportions, in a statement. Kofi… …   Wikipedia

  • Uzbekistan — /ooz bek euh stan , stahn , uz /, n. a republic in S central Asia. 23,860,452; 172,741 sq. mi. (447,400 sq. km). Cap.: Tashkent. Formerly, Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. * * * Uzbekistan Introduction Uzbekistan Background: Russia conquered… …   Universalium